The following fundamental principles shall govern adoptions of children from India :
(a) the child's best interests shall be of paramount consideration, while processing any adoption placement
(b) preference shall be given to place the child in adoption with Indian citizens and with due regard to the principle of placement of the child in his own socio-cultural environment, as far as possible;
(c) all adoptions shall be registered on Child Adoption Resource Information and Guidance System and the confidentiality of the same shall be maintained by the Authority.
The following shall be eligible for adoption, namely:-
(a) any orphan or abandoned or surrendered child, declared legally free for adoption by the Child Welfare Committee;
(b) a child of a relative defined under sub-section (52) of section 2 of the Act;
(c) child or children of spouse from earlier marriage, surrendered by the biological parent(s) for adoption by the step-parent.
(1) The prospective adoptive parents shall be physically, mentally and emotionally stable, financially capable and shall not have any life threatening medical condition.
(2) Any prospective adoptive parents, irrespective of his marital status and whether or not he has biological son or daughter, can adopt a child subject to following, namely:-
(a) the consent of both the spouses for the adoption shall be required, in case of a married couple;
(b) a single female can adopt a child of any gender;
(c) a single male shall not be eligible to adopt a girl child;
(3) No child shall be given in adoption to a couple unless they have at least two years of stable marital relationship.
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